Asam Sahitya Sabha, the premier literary organization of the North-East, devoted to development and enrichment primarily of Assamese language and various other ethnic tongues in the region, was formed as far back as 26th and 27th December, 1917 at the historic town of Sivasagar with Sahityakandari Padmanath Gohainbaruah in the chair. Initially, during the British rule under some bizarre circumstances, Assamese language suffered severe jolt when it was replaced by Bengali from school, offices and courts. To restore the language to its rightful position, a set of young Assamese students prosecuting higher studies at Kolkata, took up the cudgels and fought hard to reinstate the native language to its pristine glory. The contribution of the American Baptist Missionaries in this front can hardly be overemphasized. Besides Padmanath Gohainbaruah, his compatriots like Lakshminath Bezbarua, Hemchandra Goswami, Hem Chandra Baruah, Gunabhiram Baruah, Chandra Kumar Agarwalla and many more rendered yeoman's service to the cause of development and enrichment of Assamese language and literature.
Asam Sahitya Sabha, since its inception till date, has undertaken a very difficult journey to maintain its prowess over people of diverse ethnicity having mother tongue of their own. However, most of the people in the Brahmaputra valley in particular today nourish Assamese as their mother tongue and while others use it as linguafranca in the entire north eastern region. Assamese today is a scheduled language and its literature has long back won wide recognition in national and international level after a host of litterateur have won prestigious Sahitya Academy awards and Jnanpeeth awards in the bygone years. Asam Sahitya Sabha's title song 'Chira Chenehi Mor Bhasha Janani' has already curved out a niche in every Assamese heart, and most of the Assamese people attach almost a religious devotion to the cause of the Sabha. That's the reason why wherever the Sabha holds its session, lakhs of people throng the venue, which gets transformed into a sea of humanity. That itself speaks volume of the organization, it prowess and influence over the masses in the state of Assam.